The Shiraz was harvested from trellised vineyards in Paarl and Stellenbosch. The Cinsaut is from bush vines in Paarl and Piekenierskloof. The Mourvèdre is primarily from dryland bush vines in the Swartland, with a small percentage from vineyards in Stellenbosch. The juicy Grenache noir is from Piekenierskloof and from our vineyard in Paarl. The Petite Sirah, also known as Durif, is from decomposed granite soils grown in our trellised Paarl vineyards. The Carignan is from older dry land bush vines in the Swartland. The grapes were destalked and lightly crushed into stainless steel tanks. Each grape variety and vineyard was fermented separately. After alcoholic fermentation the wines were racked to tanks and barrels for malolactic fermentation followed by maturation in both tanks and barrels prior to blending.